Evidences date back settlements in Kerala to as early as 6000 BCE. From as early as 3000 BCE it is said to have been an important spice exporter. From then on it has been a formidable player in spice trade and has been linked with the Greeks, Romans, Arabs, Chinese, Portuguese, Dutch, French and the British.
Needless to say these traders left more than their barter goods and riches behind in exchange for the highly valued spices. They have left behind lasting impressions in terms of architectural splendor and interesting features such as the Chinese fishing nets. The synagogues and churches are great places to visit while you explore the charming towns. The much talked about spice has found its way into the local dishes and make for a sumptuous meal that is power packed with the punch of spices.
The geography of Kerala is fascinating. Within a maximum of 120 km from east to west the landform changes from towering highlands to midlands and then the coast abutting the Arabian Sea. To add to the abundance of the variety in landforms it has a network of 44 rivers.
The rise and fall of the landform and the abundance of rainfall that makes the land fertile combine to provide spell-bounding views. The thick forests and plantations provide a haven for a multitude of flora and fauna. The mountains and plains alike provide amazing trekking and biking trails that offer splendid sights and experiences. The network of rivers and backwaters provide a serene backdrop for a relaxing ride on their famous houseboats.
The states of India have been formed on the basis of language. In Kerala, the most spoken and official language is Malayalam. The state was identified as acompletely literate state in 1991. It has a distinctive culture owing to the influences of colonialism and its history in terms of art, literature, culture and lifestyle. They celebrate about 10000 festivals in the state. The arts and dance surround the temple culture of the region. Rice and curry are their staple food. It is one of the places in the country where food does not take a communal divide. People of different religions consume the same kind of dishes.
The interesting culture, art and dances offer a wide spectrum of experiences and the temples and festivals give a sneak peak into the elaborate customs and traditions of the land.